The objective of this module is to equip students with a strong understanding of fundamental material science principles relevant to mechanical engineering. Within this module, students will explore the physical properties of materials used in the industry, gain knowledge of essential heat treatment techniques, and develop proficiency in mechanical properties testing. By comprehending the connection between material structure and mechanical behavior, students will acquire expertise in optimizing and selecting materials effectively. Furthermore, this module will delve into equilibrium phase diagrams and their practical applications in tailoring the properties of Fe-Alloys.